Essential Vaccinations

DOGS CATS RABIES VACCINATION

  • By law, all dogs above 5 months of age must be vaccinated against rabies and licensed with the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD).
  • Dogs above the age of 12 weeks/3 months can be vaccinated against rabies.
  • The dog license must be renewed and the vaccination must be repeated every 3 years.
  • Cats can also be vaccinated against rabies.

DOGS DHPPiL VACCINATION (Distemper, Leptospirosis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, Hepatitis)

Of the above diseases, Canine Distemper, Parvovirus and Leptospirosis are of particular concern.

Canine Distemper and Parvovirus are especially common in pet shop puppies.

Leptospirosis has been contracted by dogs after visiting the Peak and country parks in Hong Kong.

CATS FVRCP VACCINATION (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia) 

This combination vaccine protects cats, in particular young kittens, against these highly contagious and often fatal diseases. In particular, upper respiratory tract viruses, such as Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis and Calicivirus, collectively known as "Cat Flu", kill many kittens ever year.

Recommended schedule for vaccinations

 

AGE

DOGS                                           CATS                                           
8 - 10 WEEKS First DHPPiL vaccination First FVRCP vaccination
12 WEEKS

Second DHPPiL vaccination*#
Rabies vaccination

Second FVRCP vaccination*#
Rabies vaccination (optional)
*It is possible to vaccinate earlier particularly in high risk cases. Please consult your vet.
#In certain cases, a third dose might be needed. Please consult your vet.
EVERY YEAR DHPPiL vaccination booster FVRCP vaccination booster
EVERY 3 YEARS Rabies vaccination booster Rabies vaccination booster

Common Dog and Cat Diseases that Essential Vaccinations Protect Against

  • iconicon Rabies
  • icon Distemper
  • icon Parvovirus
  • icon Leptospirosis
  • icon Cat Flu
  • icon Panleukopaenia

A Rabid DogA Rabid DogRabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted to humans from animals) that is caused by a virus and can infect all mammals. Although the last reported case of rabies in Hong Kong was more than 20 years ago, a high percentage of vaccinated animals is vitally important to keep Hong Kong rabies free.

Transmission

Rabies is spread to people through close contact with infected saliva via bites or scratches.

Symptoms

The incubation period for rabies is typically 1–3 months, but may vary from less than 1 week to more than 1 year. The initial symptoms of rabies are fever and often pain or an unusual or unexplained tingling, pricking or burning sensation at the wound site.

Once symptoms of the disease develop, rabies is nearly always fatal.

Canine Distemper is a very common disease in Hong Kong. It could lead to severe respiratory and neurological symptoms.  Many dogs that succumb to it do not recover.

Transmission

The virus is spread by bodily secretion particularly from respiratory tract. Distemper is commonly found in puppies from unvaccinated mothers. Puppies aged 2-6 months are especially vulnerable. The mortality in puppies for this disease can be up to 80%.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms are sneezing, coughing, vomiting and diarrhea. The initial respiratory signs can be similar to that caused by a less virulent disease called kennel cough. Dogs suffering from distemper can also develop neurological problems such as twitching or even seizures. These issues can occur even after the dog appears to have recovered, sometimes years later.

For more details, download our information sheet.

If your pet is suffering from any of the symptoms described above, please consult your
veterinary surgeon immediately.

Canine Parvovirus is one of the major infections that dogs can pick up in Hong Kong. The severity and survival rate vary. Dogs which do survive can suffer long-term consequences such as chronic diarrhea and heart disease. Puppies less than 6 months old are especially susceptible.

Transmission

Infection occurs through contact with contaminated faeces which is why it is a common problem in pet-shops.

Symptoms

Sudden onset of bloody diarrhoea/vomiting, decreased appetite, lethargy and fever. In some pups the presenting sign is collapse and sudden death (due to heart disease).

For more details, download our information sheet.

If your pet is suffering from any of the symptoms described above, please consult your veterinary surgeon immediately.

Leptospirosis is caused by different types of Leptospira bacteria. It is a zoonotic disease and could potentially lead to multiorgan damage.

Transmission

Rats are the main carriers of the disease. Dogs are infected either directly from contact with contaminated urine, or indirectly from contact with contaminated water e.g. drinking or swimming in catch waters and streams inhabited by infected rats.

Dogs frequenting the Peak or country parks may be at an increased risk if they drink from, or swim in, stagnant pools of water. 

Symptoms

Can vary from mild signs like lethargy and depression to severe signs such as abdominal pain, jaundice, liver and kidney failure, and even death.

For more details, download our information sheet.

If your pet is suffering from any of the symptoms described above, please consult your veterinary surgeon immediately.

A cat with severe cat flu.A cat with severe cat flu."Cat Flu" is a general term for Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis and Feline Calicivrus infection which affects the upper respiratory tract of cats.

Transmission

Cat flu is highly contagious and can spread rapidly among cats. It can cause serious illness and in some cases be fatal especially in young kittens born to unvaccinated mothers, geriatric cats and cats whose immune systems are compromised. The death rate in young kittens can reach over 50% with severe infections.

Symptoms

Sudden sneezing "attack", blocked nose, runny eyes, blisters or ulcers on the tongue, fever.

Your cat or kitten may also stop eating due to the symptoms e.g. blocked nose will prevent kittens from smelling food offered, ulcers on the tongue may make eating difficult or painful.

For more details, download our information sheet.

If your pet is suffering from any of the symptoms described above, please consult your veterinary surgeon immediately.

Feline Panleukopaenia is a highly contagious disease amongst cats and mortality is high. Feline Panleukopaenia  virus persists for a long time in the environment and can remain on the shoes and clothes of people who handle infected animals. Thus, it is of utmost importance that you protect your cat from this disease.

Transmission

It is spread through body fluids and faeces of an infected animal or any other material that an infected cat has come into contact with such as bedding or food bowls. It can also be spread by fleas.

Symptoms

The virus attacks the cat's gastrointestinal system resulting in large amounts of usually bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, loss of appetite, anemia.

If your pet is suffering from any of the symptoms described above, please consult your veterinary surgeon immediately.